Information Highlights

Municipality : Mapandan
Province : Pangasinan
Region : One
Approximate land area &nbsp&nbsp : 3291.7520 hectares
Boundaries : North – Municipality of San Jacinto
: North-West – Municipality of Mangaldan
: South – Municipality of Santa Barbara
: East – Municipality of Manaoag
Population (2000) : 30.775
Household (2000) : 30.775
Major dialect spoken : Pangasinan
Planning Period :2003-2012


Historical Development

The name Mapandan was derived from the lush-growing plants called “pandan” that grew on the hilly terrain where the town was initially established. The word “Mapandan” literally means a place of many pandan.

Being originally a part of the municipality of Mangaldan, Mapandan was also once called “balon baley” that means new town in the local vernacular.

Mapandan was first established as a “pueblo” by virtue of Direction General No. 39 Administration Civil No. 169-C signed by Governor General Emilio Bravo on December 28, 1887.
The Town was originally comprised pf the southernmost barrios of the town of Mangaldan namely: Payapay, Baloling, Apaya and Amanoaoac

The idea of organizing a separate town from its mother town Mangaldan was first conceived by some ten (10) local leaders in the persons of Antonio Morales,
Sabino Prado, Andres Bongato, Ambrosio Calimlim, Valeriano Tamondong, Tomas Aquino, Fulgencio Nato, Filomeno Sarmiento, Jose Lalas and Florencio Datuin.

The town was first centered in Barangay Torres. Due to its remoteness, the same was transferred to its present location, which was formerly a sitio of Apaya.
The lands in the present location of the Poblacion were predominantly owned by the illustrious Aquino clan.
It was Leon Hilario Aquino who encouraged the people to flock to the place by subdividing the land of the Poblacion into a lot of uniform sixes and offering these for three to each family head.

Mapandan was temporarily returned to its mother town in 1905 due to the outbreak of an epidemic that greatly depleted its population and finances. In 1908, the town was again reorganized and officially re-established.

Dwarfed amidst the more known neighbouring towns of Manaoag, Urdaneta, Mangaldan, San Jacinto and Sta. Barabara, the town is heard of in the province but not many people have seen it.

In year 2002, Mapandan was elevated as a gourth (4th) class municipality through the efforts and leadership of Hon. Jose Ferdinand Z. Calimlim Jr., who spearheaded strategies on income and revenue generation.


Physical Characteristics

The Municipality of Mapandan is situated in the central eastern part of the Province of Pangasinan, lying approximately from 16° 0′ to 16° 15′ latitude and from 120° 56′ longhitude lines.

It is bounded on the north by the Municipality of San Jacinto, on the Northwest by the Municipality of Mangaldan, on the South by the Municipality of Sta. Barbara, on the South-east by the City of Urdaneta
and on the east by the Municipality of Manaoag.

The Municipality is accessible via Provincial roads. It is about sixteen (16) kilometers away from Dagupan, eight (8) kilometers from the City of Urdaneta, and five (5) kilometers from the shrine of our Lady of Manaoag.

Records pf the Municipal Assessors show that the Municipality of Mapandan has an area of 2,459.6652 hectares excluding areas occupied by roads,
bodies of water and other non-taxable lands. The office of the Municipality Planning and Development Coordinator MPDC) on the other hand has in its
record an area of 3,291.7520 hectares or 0.061 percent of the total land area of the Province of Pangasinan.

The Municipality has fifteen (15) barangays, of which one (1) belongs to the urban area and the rest (14) to the rural areas.
Out of the total area of the municipality, 288.291 hectares or 8.758 percent constitutes the urban core, while 3003.461 hectares (91.242%) are in rural areas.

The entire municipal land is considered as alienable and disposable (A&D) due to the absence of both protection and production forest.

The municipality has two pronounced seasons, namely dry and wet. It is, however, generally classified as arid, there being more dry months than wet.

Dry seasons occur on the months of October to April. Light to heavy rainfalls are expected for the rest of the year from May to September with August as the wettest month.

Coolness during the dry season is due to the northeast monsoon, and is often experienced during months of December to February. Rains on the other hand, are caused by the southwest monsoon.

Temperature ranges from 25.55°C (usually occurring in the month of December and January) to as hot as 34.28°C (during the month of April and May).


Demography

The first recorded population of the municipality was on the year 1903, with 4,198. Since then there has been a continual increase in the municipality’s population,
reaching 30,775 in the year 2000, per record of the National Statistic Office, region One.

The highest percentage change recorded was from the year 1939 to 1948, with an annual increase of 3.89 percent.

The lowest change was noted from the year 1918 to 1939, with recorded increase of only 0.97 percent.

 

The National Statistic Office (NSO) recorded a total household population of 30,760 for the municipality in the year 2000. Out of this figure, 3413
or 11.10 percent constitutes the urban household population and the rest, 27,347 (98.90%) are classified as rural houshold population.

The average household size in the municipality is 5 person/household, with a total population of 30775 in year 2000,
and a total land area of 3291.7520 hectares, the Municipality of Mapandan has a population density of 9 persons per hectare (9 pph).

With the computed annual population growth rate of 2.383 percent from 1903 to 2012, the municipality’s population is expected to reach 40,826 by the year 2012. This is obtained
from from the assumption that the population would continually grow at the same rate within the next ten (10) year period.


Existing Use Plan

The municipality has a total land area of 3,291.7520 hectares. Out of this, 202.7158 hectares (6.1583%) constitute the built up area;
6.103 hectares (0.1854%) are utilized for special uses; 2735.094 hectares (83.089%) are used for agricultural production; 101.639 hectares (3.0877%) are occupied
by the swamp; 53.0126 hectares (1.610%) are easement and 1.02 hectares (0.031%) are vacant lands.


Social Services

Social services in the municipality come in the form of health services, shelter facilities, education, protective, social welfare services and sports and recreation facilities.

The Rural Health Unit (RHU) serves as the main agency in providing health and sanitation services to the local populace. It is located within the premises of the Municipal Plaza with an area of about 500 square meters.

The RHU is named by the Municipal Health Officer, assisted by two (2) Public Health Dentist, one (1) Public Health Nurse, eleven (11) Rural Health Midwives and a Rural Health Sanitation Inspector.
The Department is outfitted with different medical equipments and facilities like stethoscope, sphygmomanometer, weighing scale, thermometer, medical and surgical scissors, blades, forceps, lying beds,
oxygen tanks, stretcher, ambulance and others.

The Rural Health Unit and the other health facilities in the municipality odder basic health services like Material and child care, dental care, family planning.
Communicable and non communicable disease control, nutrition program, cardiovascular disease control, leprosy control, sputum microscopy and other health services.

Aside from the Rural Health Unit, fourteen (14) Barangay Health Station (BHS) located in all of the rural barangays serve as initial units in the rendition of medical services to the different barangays.
Each of these barangay health stations is supervised by a Rural Health midwife and volunteer Barangay Health Workers. At present there are about 212 barangay Health Workers serving in the various
barangays of the municipality.

Based on NSO data for the years 1990, the municipality has a total of 4381 housing units of which 4220 or 96.33 percent are occupied and 161 or 3.67 percentage vacant.

Considering the total number of households and housing units per NSO data of 1990, which are 4411 and 4220 respectively, there exists a housing backlog
of 191 housing units due to doubled-up households. Hence, additional units have to be provided / constructed in order to meet the current demand.

With a projected population of 40826 by year 2012, there would be a need to construct about 11,993 housing units within the planning period.

The Municipality has a total of 20 schools – 12 (60%) are public elementary schools; 3 (15%) are private elementary schools; one (5%) primary school; and 4 (20%) are public secondary schools.

Based on the Municipal Planning Team (MPT) survey, there are a total 299 elementary and secondary teachers in
the municipality of which 210 are elementary teachers and 89 are in the secondary. Considering the enrolment population of 8095 students in both school
levels (5586 in the elementary and 2509 in the secondary), the teacher-student ratio was computed at 1:27
or one teacher foe every 27 pupils in the elementary and 1:28 or one for every 28 students in the secondary.

The computed ratios are still within the prescribed standard of one (1) teacher per fifty (50) pupils as set by the
Department of Education.

With regards to the student classroom ratio, the municipality has a total of 374 classrooms; 301 in the elementary and 73 in the secondary. Based on MPT computations, there
exist classroom student ratios of 1:19 and 1:35 for elementary and secondary levels respectively.

The Local Philippine National Police (PNP) force, with its station located at the ground floor of the municipal
hall and has an area of approximately 200 square meters, is the main implement of protective services in the municipality. Alongside with the local PNP is the Fire Department,
having an area of about 250 square meters, with its office located south of the municipall hall; and three (3) police outpost located in the strategic barangays of Nilombot, Aserda and Primicias.

The local PNP has a total strenght of twenty seven (27) personnel including the chief of Police, Yielding a ratio of one (1) policeman per 1199 population, which is below the standard ratio of 1:1000.

The Fire Department, on the other hand has a total strength of 11 personnel, considering of one (1) Physical therapist, two (2) nurses; and eight (8) firemen, giving a ratio of one (1)
fireman per 4047 population which is very far below the standard of one fireman per 1000 population.


Economy

One of the priority programs of the state to medernize the agriculture and fishery sectors, particularly those of the rural communities. Focus is given to the optimum, rational
and sustainable use of resources to maximize agricultural productivity.

The municipality of Mapandan, predominantly an agricultural community, has an approximaite are of 2521.411 hectares or 76.60 percent of the total municipal land area, which is devoted
to agricultural crop production.

Rice is the major crop produced in the locality, followed by corn, monggo and other vegetables. The main feature of commercial activities is the Central Business District (CBD)
located in the Poblacion. Within the CBD is the public market complimented by shop, offices and recreation facilities.

Commercial strips along the provincial roads leading to the neighbouring towns serve as an expansion of the (CBD).
Within the commercial strips are retail stores, shops, professional offices, agricultural outlets, eateries and other commercial and industrial establishments.

There are total of 379 existing commercial establishments in the whole municipality area. Out of this figure, 323 are in the urban area of 2.15 hectares.

The Municipality of Mapandan has 74 existing industrial establishments, per record of The Business and Licensing Department.

The Existing industries occupy an approximate area of 9.045 hectares or 0.275 percent of municipal land area.

Presently, the Municipal Plaza serves as the most promising tourism facility in the municipality. Being considered as one of the most beautiful-laid down plazas in the province,
the municipal plaza is equipped with an open air auditorium, tennis courts, children’s playground and a landscaped grassy lawn.


Infrastructure

The Municipality of Mapandan has an existing road network system consisting of linear and circumferential roads. the provincial road serve as the
artery and the spine of road network connecting other towns and barangays. Mapandan has a total of road length of 64.462 kilometers, of which 19.605 kilometers (29.87%)
are provincial roads; 6.431 kilometers (9.80%) are municipal roads; and 38.426 kilometers (59.61%) are barangay roads.

The provincial roads occupy an area of 23.526 hectares; municipal road have 6.431 hectare; and barangay roads with 23.0556, giving a tital 53.0126 hectares or 1.610 percent of the total municipal land area.

Considering the projected urban popultaion of 4532, the existing urban road lenght of 10.851 kilometers and the current urban road requirement of -2.6526 kilometers,
the municipality would need an additional of 2.834 kilometers of urban roads within the next ten-year period.

Considering the intended area for agriculture, which is 2778.763 hectares, the municipality would need an additional rural road length of about 0.6554 kilometers within the planning period.

The Pangasinan Electric Cooperative (PANELCO) distribute electric current among households and establishments in the Municipality of Mapandan on a 24-hour
operation and maintenance.

The PANELCO in non-stock and non-profit company incorporated for the purpose of supplying, promoting and encouraging the prudent use of electricity. Its funding comes from
the NEA through loans in accordance with the feasibility study conducted. The electric cooperative adopts policies and formulated rules and regulations subject to NEA supervision.

All the fifteen (15) barangays of Mapandan are already being served by PANELCO.

The municipality has one (1) Telecommunications (TELECOM) Office, a public entity that provides both domestic and international telegraph services.
It transmits message from 8:00 in the morning to 10:00 noon and from 1:00 to 5:00 in the afternoon except weekends and holidays. Also operating in the municipality are the
Dagupan Urban Satellite Inc. and PLDT telephone outlets.

The Philippines Postal Corporation has a postal station located at the municipal building and manned by a postmaster and two (2) letter carriers.

The posts office receives and delivers incoming mails, dispatches outgoing mails, sell stamps, postal money orders and issues postal identity cards.


Enviromental Management

The Municipality of Mapandan could be considered as one of the fast developing municipalities in central Pangasinan due to its proximity to the Cities of Urdaneta and Dagupan,
and the Municipalies of Mangaldan and Manaoag. The existence of vast agricultural lands and agri-industrial establishments could make the municipality a
promising agri-industrial centre despite its limited land area.

As a consequence of progress, however, the environment is greatly affected because of unregulated development activities. The proliferation of livestock and poultry farms.
If not properly monitored, may cause hazardous and pollutive environmental effects to the entire municipality. This requires the establishment of policies/measures for
environmental protection to ensure the long-term sustainability of the municipality’s natural resources.

Records of the rural health units show that in the year 2002, 1290 (23.64%) of the 5457 households surveyed dispose their garbage through the pickup truck, 258 (4.73%)
dump in their individual pits, 3189 (58.44%) dispose by burning and 720 (13.19%) by composting.

A census taken in 2002 show that 4537 (83.14%) of the 5457 households had water-sealed sewer/septic tanks used exclusively by the households; 588 (10.78%) had
water sealed/septic tank shared by other households, 32 households (0.59%) used open pit; and 300 households (5.5%) used other kinds of toilet facilities.

The Municipality of Mapandan has three (3) cemeteries, one which is a municipal cemetery and the other two are private cemeteries . These cemeteries are located
in Barangays Poblacion and Coral. THe Municipality Cemetery has a land area about 2.5 hectares, and the private cemeteries have approximately 1.78 hectares.
At present, these cemeteries are congested and can no longer accomodate projected demands; hence an expansion is recommended.

The cemeteries are built in lots with good soils, free from flood hazards, away from dwelling units and water sources and thus meet all standards and
guidelines provided for in P.D. 856 or the Sanitation Code of the Philippines.

The municipality has a slaughterhouse located at Barangay Aserda with a land area og approximately 0.75 hectares. Wastes generated by the slaughterhouse are being picked up by
the municipal garbage truck. The slaughterhouse is equipped with facilities and very well managed by a sanitary inspector to ensure its cleanliness. Based on MPT survey,
the existing slaughterhouse of the municipality is located in avery strategic place, away from built up areas, bodies of water and prime agricultural lands.

There are no identified environmentally critical areas in the municipality that are covered by proclamation Number 2146. However, the municipality’s prime agricultural
lands and bodies of water such as rivers and creeks need to be conserved and protected so as to preserve their life-sustaining functions.


Local Administration

The municipality has a people-centered local leadership dedicated to pursue the local interest.

The three-year data on revenues and expenditure show that the municipal revenues have been increasing by an average of 16.59 percent. This trend manifest that
municipality has been incurring surpluses for the past five years, which further show that the municipal government has been effective enough in managing its financial resources.

Taking into consideration the aforementioned trends, the municipality would be able to generate P85,141,218.95 by year 2012, and spend P72,682,901.91 incurring a
surplus of P12,458,317.04. This amount could be utilized to finance development projects in the municipality.


Mission And Vision

The Municipality Of Mapandan envisions itself to become a progressive and dynamic municipality with God-fearing and disciplined people committed to a
culture of excellence in public service, agriculture, commerce and industry, and environmental protection in the context of global competitive.

Its mission is the alleviation of the quality of life of the people through improved economic opportunities and activities, enhanced delivery of social
services, adequate infrastructure support facilities in terms of transportation, water, power and communication a well balanced natural environment, and God fearing dedicated local administrative.

The Municipality aims to increase production and economic importunities; provide essential social services in terms of welfare, health, housing, protective facilities; a political organization
that is responsive and sensitive to the needs and demands of the local population; a well-protected and managed natural environment and encourage the involvement of the citizenry in
the prioritization, formulation, implementation and monitoring of development programs and projects.

The following objectives are thus considered:
(1) promote health and sanitation, quality education, peace and orderly community;
(2) improve the quality and delivery of social welfare services, encourage sports enthusiasm among local residents;
(3) increase production in all sectors of local; economy through enhanced economic activities;
(4) upgrade the existing infrastructure facilities and provide accessibility of all functional area;
(5) protect and preserved the natural environment and prevent further degradation of resources;
(6) minimize conversion of prime agricultural lands to urban uses;
(7) an effective and accountable local governance and administration;
(8) enhance the municipality’s revenue generation capability; and
(9) optimize the utilization of municipal land resource.


Development Constraints and Opportunities

The following are considered as contraints to the development of the municipality as they restrict the utilization of land resources, thus limiting development activities:

  • An approximate area of 2740.177 hectares of land or 83.24 percent of the total municipal land area are covered by the Network of Protected Agricultural Area for Development (NPAAD).
    This limits the utilization of land resouces, considering that the municipality is only allowed to reclassify up to five (5) percent of its agricultural areas to other uses.
  • The existing built-up area of 204.133 hectares or 6.20 percent of the total municipality’s land area shall include infrastructure development.
  • There is a high investment cost in developing the area.
  • The municipality has a very limited land resource with only 3291.7520 hectares.

The following were identified as resource opportunities of the municipality:

• Vast Agricultural Lands
Predominantly an agricultural community with generally flat terrain, the municipality has vast irrigable and irrigated agricultural lands.
In order to meet the proposed urban requirements of the municipality, portions of the agricultural lands that are marginally productive shall
be reclassified and converted into urban uses like commercial, residential and institutional uses.
• Skilled and Professional Workers and Trainable Human Resource
People of Mapandan are industrious, resourceful, creative and self-reliant and with due regard to
humility. Although most of them are engaged in agricultural production, they can be trained to become skillful and professional workers as long as there are job opportunities in the municipality.
• Availability of Power Supply
The municipality has sufficient power supply to provide the needed power requirements of both the present and the future generations.
• Strong Local Leadership
The municipality’s local leadership, with the cooperation of the provincial and national leaders of the country shall lead for the development of the municipality through
adequate financial social services, improved infrastructure facilities and increased revenue collection.


Spatial Development Strategy

Several spatial strategies have been formulated by the Municipal Planning Team (MPT) to attain the municipality’s vision and mission. After thorough analysis of the municipality’s
potential, weaknesses and strengths, a consensus was arrived at among members of the MPT to adopt a combination of all the strategies and incorporate them into a single strategy
that would best respond to the unique characteristic of the municipality.

After having carefully analyzed the strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats that are present in the locality, the Municipal Planning Team has selected a spatial development strategy
that would best serve the municipality’s population through a maximum utilization of the town’s resources, functional role and geographic features. The “GROCAID-Radial System”, consisting
of combined growth center, agri-industrialization and radial system strategies has been adopted as the preferred strategy.

The “GROCAID-Radial System” would mean strengthening the agri-industrial based economic potential of the municipality through improved farm techniques,
increased agricultural production, industrial and commercial expansion, the provision of infrastructure support facilities such as wider access roads
and transportation utilities, adequate power and water source, credit facilities and investment promotion.

The Poblacion shall remain as the major center of development; and minor growth centers have to be put up in the strategic
barangays of Torres and Nilombot to reasonably distribute development opportunities. Access roads linking the different functional
areas have to be improved, and a road network system that would facilitate the flow of development activities to and from the development centers has to be considered.


Proposed Land Use Plan

With an approximate area of 3,291.752 hectares, the municipality is proposed to have the following land uses within the next ten year period:

a. Built-up Areas
The municipality’s total built-up area shall increase by 97.576 hectares giving a total 300.2981 hectares or 9.123 percent of the total municipal land areas.
Out of the proposed increase in built-up areas, 237.88378 hectares (7.227%) shall be allocated to cover the expansion of residential zone, 13.887 hectares (0.42%)
for commercial purpose, 14.047 hectares (0.43%) for institutional, 32.661 hectares (0.99%) for industrial and 1.786 hectares (0.05%) for parks and playgrounds.
b. Special Use Zones
There would be slight changes use zones to cover the 1.46 hectare-wide expansion of the municipal cemetery giving a total of 5.74 heaters (0.174%) and a proposed parking/terminal
area of 0.518 hectares (0.016%). The dumpsite shal remain to be 1.05 hectares (0.032%); the slaughterhouse with 0.75 hectares (0.023%) and the telephone tower with 0.023 hectares (0.0007%).A total of 8.081 hectares or 0.245 percent of the municipal land area is proposed to be utilized for special uses.
c. Agricultural/SAFDZ
The existing 2735.094 hectares of agricultural land shall increase to 2735.1274 hectares or83.09 percent not the total municipality’s land area. Out of these areas,
2610.8534 hectares (79.31%) shall classify as Strategic Crop Zone, 101.639 hectares (3.09%) as strategic fishery zone and 22.635 hectares (0.69%) as strategic livestock zone.The strategic crop zone shall be located in portions of all barangays that are utilized for agricultural crop production. The livestock zones shall cover an expanded area of
the existing poultry and livestock farms, their locations being strategic enough considering the physical layout of the municipality as well as their distance to the built up areas.
The strategic fishery zone shall be the existing site of the swamp in Barangay Aserda, Poblacion and Sta. Maria. This is to make the presently idle area productive in order to maximize the utilization of the
municipality’s very limited land resource.The proposed agricultural area shall constitute the municipality’s Strategic Agricultural and Fisheries Development Zone (SAFDZ).
d. Rivers/Creeks
An approximate area of 188.0276 hectares (5.712%) in the municipality is being occupied by the Angalacan and Matulong Rivers and their tributary creeks. These Municipal water resources
shall be properly managed, following provision of the Water Code of the Philippines.
e. Water Easement
Areas along riverbanks and creeks shall be prevented from any kind of developmental undertakings except those allowed by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).
Water easement in the municipality constitutes 4014 hectares or 0.126% of the total municipal land area.
f. Roads/Utilities
The existing area of roads and bridges, which is 53.0126 hectares, shall increase to 56.0842 hectares or 1.704 percent of the municipal land area. This covers the proposed 2.834 kilometers
(2.834 hectares) of urban roads and 0.6554 kilometers (0.3932 hectares) of rural roads.

Barangay Poblacion shal have the following land uses:

a. Residential
An approximate area of 27.192 hectares is proposed to be added to the existing 32.203 hectares of urban residential areas, giving a total of 59.395 hectares or 20.60 percent of the total
urban area. This is to accommodate the housing needs of the projected increase in the urban population.
b. Commercial
The existing commercial area of 5.613 hectares shall increase to 9.737 hectares or 3.38 percent of the urban area. This is to accommodate the projected increase in commercial establishments
within the planning period.
c. Industrial
The existing industrial area of 0.652 hectares shall be reclassified to other urban uses so as to avoid the incompatibility of land uses in the Poblacion. This means that there will be no industrial
establishments to be allowed within the urban area considering built up density and the possible effect of pollution and hazard.
d. Institutional
The existing area of institutional establishments in the urban area, which is 6.949 hectares or 2.41 percent of the Poblacion area, shall be maintained.
e. Parks/Playgrounds
The existing area of parks and playgrounds in the urban area, which is 1.306 hectares (0.45%), shall likewise be maintained. No expansion for this specific land category is proposed, however,
improvements shall be made on the existing parks and play ground zone so as to better serve the local folks.
f. Special Use
Special uses in the Municipality’s urban are shall increase to 4.521 hectares or 1.57 percent of the Poblacion’s land area to cover the expansion of the municipal cemetery and the proposed
parking/terminal area for public utility vehicles.
g. Rivers/Creek
River/creeks in the urban area have a total of 1.936 hectares or 0.67 percent ot the urban land area.
h. Water Easement
About 0.56 hectares or 0.19 percent of the urban area is classified as water easement.
i. Agricultural/SAFDZ
An approximate area of 189.313 hectares or 65.67 percent of the urban area is classified as agricultural zone,
to be incorporated in the municipality’s Strategic Agriculture and Fisheries Development Zone (SAFDZ). Out of this, 185.688 hectares (64.41%) shall be for crop production and 3.625 hectares
(1.26%) shall be for fishery zone.