Information Highlights

Municipality : Mapandan
Province : Pangasinan
Region : One (Ilocos Region)
Land area (based on CLUP 2003-2011)&nbsp&nbsp : 3291.7520 hectares
Boundaries : North – Municipality of San Jacinto
: Northwest – Municipality of Mangaldan
: Southwest – Municipality of Santa Barbara
: East – Municipality of Manaoag
Population (2020) : 38,058
Household (2020) : 8667
Major dialect spoken : Pangasinan & Ilocano


Historical Development

The name Mapandan was derived from the lush-growing plants called “pandan” that grew on the hilly terrain where the town was initially established. The word “Mapandan” literally means a place of many pandan.

Being originally a part of the municipality of Mangaldan, Mapandan was also once called “balon baley” which means new town in the local vernacular.

Mapandan was first established as a “pueblo” by virtue of Direction General No. 39 Administration Civil No. 169-C signed by Governor General Emilio Bravo on December 28, 1887.
The Town was originally comprised of the southernmost barrios of the town of Mangaldan namely: Payapay, Baloling, Apaya, and Amanoaoac

The idea of organizing a separate town from its mother town Mangaldan was first conceived by some ten (10) local leaders in the persons of Antonio Morales,
Sabino Prado, Andres Bongato, Ambrosio Calimlim, Valeriano Tamondong, Tomas Aquino, Fulgencio Nato, Filomeno Sarmiento, Jose Lalas and Florencio Datuin.

The town was first centered in Barangay Torres. Due to its remoteness, the same was transferred to its present location, which was formerly a sitio of Apaya.
The lands in the present location of the Poblacion were predominantly owned by the illustrious Aquino clan.
It was Leon Hilario Aquino who encouraged the people to flock to the place by subdividing the land of the Poblacion into a lot of uniform sixes and offering these for three to each family head.

Mapandan was temporarily returned to its mother town in 1905 due to the outbreak of an epidemic that greatly depleted its population and finances. In 1908, the town was again reorganized and officially re-established.

Dwarfed amidst the more known neighboring towns of Manaoag, Mangaldan, San Jacinto, and Sta. Barbara, the town is heard of in the province but not many people have seen it.

In year 2002, Mapandan was elevated as a third (3rd) class municipality through the efforts and leadership of Hon. Jose Ferdinand Z. Calimlim Jr., who spearheaded strategies on income and revenue generation.


Physical Characteristics

The Municipality of Mapandan is situated in the central-eastern part of the Province of Pangasinan, lying approximately from 16° 0′ to 16° 15′ latitude and from 120° 56′ longitude lines.

It is bounded on the north by the Municipality of San Jacinto, on the Northwest by the Municipality of Mangaldan, and on the Southwest by the Municipality of Sta. Barbara, and on the east by the Municipality of Manaoag.

The Municipality is accessible via Provincial roads. It is about sixteen (16) kilometers away from Dagupan, eight (8) kilometers from the City of Urdaneta, and five (5) kilometers from the shrine of our Lady of Manaoag.

Records of the Municipal Assessors show that the Municipality of Mapandan has an area of 2,459.6652 hectares excluding areas occupied by roads, bodies of water, and other non-taxable lands. The office of the Municipality Planning and Development Coordinator MPDC) on the other hand has its record an area of 3,291.7520 hectares or 0.061 percent of the total land area of the Province of Pangasinan.

The Municipality has fifteen (15) barangays, of which one (1) belongs to the urban area and the rest (14) to the rural areas. Out of the total area of the municipality, 288.291 hectares or 8.758 percent constitute the urban core, while 3003.461 hectares (91.242%) are in rural areas.

The entire municipal land is considered as alienable and disposable (A&D) due to the absence of both protection and production forest.

The municipality has two pronounced seasons, namely dry and wet. It is, however, generally classified as arid, there being more dry months than wet.

Dry seasons occur in the months of October to April. Light to heavy rainfalls is expected for the rest of the year from May to September with August as the wettest month.

Coolness during the dry season is due to the northeast monsoon and is often experienced during the months of December to February. Rains, on the other hand, are caused by the southwest monsoon.

Temperature ranges from 25.55°C (usually occurring in the month of December and January) to as hot as 34.28°C (during the month of April and May).


Topography

The municipality is generally flat from the center and slopes slightly outwards. Based on the Geographic Information system (GIS), the highest point is twenty-eight (28) meters above sea level. These are all located in four (4) separate places within the two neighboring barangays of Primicias Luyan. Two of these points are near Monggo Street and another one on Agayep Street. All three are located at Barangay Primicias. The other highest point is at Maloko Street Extension in Barangay Luyan. It should be noted that these two barangays have the feature of rolling hilly terrain with a light to moderate slope.

Mapandan’s lowest elevation is one (1) meter above sea level. These are located at Angalacan River bounding between Barangay Coral and Baloling. There were some low-lying residential areas at eight (8) meters above sea level are mainly located in the north-eastern part of the municipality. These are sparsely scattered within the agricultural areas of Barangay Nilombot, Golden, Amanoaoac, and Sta. Maria. The lowest point where there are residential build-ups is located at the extreme southern part of Parrot Street in Barangay Amanoaoac near the municipal borders of Mapandan-Sta. Barbara.

BARANGAY ELEVATION
Urban
Poblacion
(+8 – +16)
Rural
Coral
(+12 – +16)
Apaya
(+12 – +16)
Aserda
(+8 – +16)
Nilombot
(+8 – +12)
Pias
(+8 – +16)
Baloling
(+8 – +16)
Primicias
(+16 – +24)
Torres
(+12 – +16)
Luyan
(+12 – +16)
Jimenez
(+12 – +16)
Golden
(+8 – +12)
Sta. Maria
(+12 – +16)
Amanoaoac
(+12 – +16)
Lambayan
(+12 – +16)


Slope

Based on the old Mapandan CLUP (2003-2012), the municipality has a slope ranging from 0 to 8%. It is generally flat at the center of the municipality and slopes outwards from zero (0) to three (3) %, and gently rises to a slope of Three (3) to eight (8) % in the south-eastern portion where Barangay Torres, Jimenez, Luyan, Lambayan, and Primicias are located

Slope Category Location Land Area (has) Percentage Area Suitability
0-3% Flat or level land Barangay Nilombot, Pias, Coral, Baloling, Apaya, Poblacion, Sta. Maria, Aserda, Golden, Amanoaoac, Jiménez, and Torres 86.57% Urban Use
3-8% Level to undulating Barangay Primicias, Portions of Luyan, Lambayan, portion of Jimenez, and Torres 442.0782 13.43% Urban Use
Total 3,291.7520 100%  


Surface Drainage

Based on the 2015 GIS Satellite image, the surface water in the municipality has at least 21.60 hectares of land. Natural surface drainage of the municipality is divided into the following types.

Angalacan River

Angalacan River is the major water system with a length of 3.924 meters and an area of 34.73 hectares. Matulong creek is much longer and with a length of 5.75 kilometers but with only an area of 23.75 hectares. Payas Creek has a less than one hectare of land area but it has the most extensive network of connection and the most longest amount the all the surface water system.

PAYAS CREEK

Payas Creek is another minor water artery of Mapandan which is a tributary to Tulong Creek. It originates from Barangay Lambayan, flowing alongside Fire tree Avenue, traversing the middle interior of the municipality. The creek progressively curves in the north-eastern direction and subtly changes its course northwards alongside Pandan Avenue at Barangay Apaya-Golden, and exits to the Pandan Avenue Extension in Barangay Nilombot.
The creek is essentially a natural rainwater runoff catchment area and an irrigation system for agricultural lands of barangays that traverses. The Payas Creek has a total length of 6.349 kilometers with no easement allocated due to its location on private lands. A proposal to covert at least 3 meters in length on both sides of the waterway into a public right-of-way is yet to be realized.

TULONG CREEK

The creek is also commonly called Matulong River located in the extreme south-eastern portion of the territory. The creek is a tributary to the Sinucalan River in Sta. Barbara meanders from the east towards the western direction, entering and exiting the border jurisdictions of Mapandan and Sta. Barbara several times. Aside from being a minor natural drainage system for the two municipalities, it plays an important role in providing continuous water supply on irrigational canals for agricultural purposes.

COLOS CREEK

Colos Creek is a dry swamp during the summer period, but it serves as a surface water catchment area during the rainy season. There are two dry swamps in the municipality. One is located at Barangay Poblacion which portion of it extends northwards through Barangay Coral and Pias. It has an area of approximately 9.3 hectares with an average width of 65.64 meters and length of 1.5 kilometers

Another dry swamp is located at Barangay Apaya. This is slenderer in shape and it extends in a northwest direction towards Barangay Pias. It has a length of 1.37 kilometers with an average width of 39 meters and 4.7 hectares in areas.

IRRIGATIONAL CANALS

Mapandan has irrigational systems which are all located within the major agricultural areas of Barangay Lambayan, Amanoaoac, Golden, and Nilombot. These canals are also tributaries to the Matulong River, where the source of water is located. Matulong Creek which serves as the major water outlet has a total length of 5.756 kilometers.


Soil Type

According to the Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM) under the Department of Agriculture, Mapandan has four (4) major types, namely, the San Manuel Silt Loams, The San Manuel Fine Sandy Loam, the San Manuel Silt Clay and River wash. Sam Manuel Fine Sandy Loam comprises the major soil type in the municipality and majority of it are locate at the central part of the territory. San Manuel Silt Loam is the second most abundant type of soil type which are mostly located on the south eastern portion of and a small portion on the western part of the municipality. River wash sand are all located along the river bed of Angalacan River. A small are of San Manuel Silt clay Loam can be found on the northern most part of the municipality which is within the territorial jurisdiction of Barangay Baloling.

Soil Type Description Location Area (has) %
San Manuel Silt Loam Surface soil is pale brownish gray to light grayish brown silt loam and with brown to grayish loam subsoil. The stratum is sandy. Brown and wet, the soil is almost compacted and hard when dry. Portions of Barangay Nilombot, Coral, Baloling, Apaya, Poblacion, Sta. Maria, Aserda, Golden, Amanoaoac, Jimenez, Luyan, Lambayan, and Torres 674.495 31.62%
San Manuel Silt Clay Loam The surface soil is brownish to gray to dark gray clay loam. The subsoil and substratum vary in depth depending upon the elevation of the area Portions of Barangay Baloling 16.707 0.78%
San Manuel Fine Sandy Loam The surface soil is loose, fine granular, and very friable, brownish gray fine sandy loam Whole part of Barangay Torres. Portions of Barangay Nilombot, Golden. Jimenez, Lambayan, Primicias, and Luyan 1,905.779 65.92%
River Wash Wet and sandy. Found along river banks and bodies of water. Portions of all barangays traversed by the Angalacan River and Matulong Creek and their tributaries 35 1.68%
Total Area 2,132.704 100%

 


Land Capability

Based on the Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM) of the Department of Agriculture (DA), Mapandan has two types of land capability. Class “A” and Class “X”. Class “A” is considered as very good soil that can be cultivated safely and it requires simple but good management practices. Class “X” soil is wet most of the time and cannot be economically drained. However, based on the Geographic Information System (GIS), the actual topographic feature of Mapandan dictates that the hilly region of Barangay Lambayan, Luyan, and Primicias qualifies to be classified as Class B land. Class B lands are those lands with a 3-8% slope that utilizes contour tillage to prevent soil erosion and drainage of excess water when planted with crops.

Class Location Description Recommended Use Area (has) %
A All Barangays Lands that have flat elevations are well-drained and fertile. they are suitable for the good agricultural purpose which requires good farm management practice Suited for extensive cultivation and all crops common in the area can be grown 1,765.08 82.77%
B Hilly portions of Barangay Lambayan, Luyan, and Primicias These are lands with a 3-8% slope and requires conservation practice such as contour tillage and crop covering to prevent soil erosion Suited for cultivating crops, but need to adopt water and soil conservation techniques to prevent excessive loss of water and topsoil. 331.340 15.54%
X All barangays traversed by the Angalacan River and Matulong creek and their tributaries. These are wetlands or swamps that cannot be economically drained Suited for Aquaculture and recreational activities 35.723 1.68%
Total Area 3,291.7520 100%